Heathrow Airport will be cut off from the rail and Tube network for two days over the festive period while Network Rail and Transport for London (TfL) carry out simultaneous engineering work.

Network Rail said it is conducting signalling, track and HS2 work between Paddington and Slough on Christmas Day and Boxing Day, which means no trains will be able to serve Heathrow.

Meanwhile, TfL is suspending the Piccadilly line between Heathrow and Acton Town for seven days from Christmas Eve.

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The combination of the work being carried out by Network Rail and TfL means no rail or Tube services will operate to or from the UK’s busiest airport on Christmas Day or Boxing Day.

Public transport across the UK traditionally shuts down on Christmas Day, but services normally operate to and from Heathrow on Boxing Day, which is one of the airport’s busiest days of the year.

Heathrow introduced a £5 fee for cars dropping off passengers at terminal forecourts on November 1.

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Mike Gallop, Network Rail’s western route and strategic operations director, said: “We’re in the business of delivering a safe and reliable train service to the tens of thousands of passengers who use services at Paddington every day.

“We need to spend 52 hours removing ageing and unreliable signalling equipment and swapping it with modern and reliable replacements.

“The very best time to do that is always when there are fewest people travelling. With no trains on Christmas Day and very few on Boxing Day, choosing those days clearly makes sense overall.

“Four years in the planning, and with good coordination and planning with TfL in place, a high quality and quick bus replacement will whisk what passengers there are, directly from central London to Heathrow.”

Other routes affected by Network Rail’s engineering work over the festive period include:

– Southern’s Gatwick Airport trains will operate to and from London Bridge instead of London Victoria between Christmas Day and January 3.

– Leeds will have a reduced service between December 27 and January 3, including a “very limited” service on January 2.

– No services between London King’s Cross and Finsbury Park on Christmas Day or Boxing Day.

– CrossCountry trains will not call at Bristol Parkway between December 27-31. Some Great Western Railway services to and from Bristol Temple Meads will also be affected.

Passengers can find out whether their journeys are affected through their train operator or National Rail Enquiries.